Prune only when vines are dormant; pruning after buds begin to swell in spring can cause excessive sap flow which can weaken the vine. Kiwi gets its common name from its resemblance to the kiwi bird of New Zealand, the location where the fruit was first widely grown for commercial production. Hardy kiwi grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8, while kiwifruit grows in USDA zones 8 and 9. Pruning kiwi plays an important part in fruit formation for your actinidia. Cultivation. Soil type Male Summer Pruning. Cut off half the new growth of each branch every few weeks to train the hardy kiwi plant to grow more as a bush than a vine. Don't lose heart, though, because they can be pruned back into a usable shape and will produce delicious fruit within one or two growing seasons. Train against a wall or through a tree in a sheltered area in full sun. Select one branch, the largest and most vigorous one, to become the main trunk and structural branch. Hardy kiwi can be allowed to "vine ripen," at which time they will have about 18 to 25 percent sugar. Pruning and training. Prune vines about four times during the growing season. Once the male plant has flowered and the fruit has set on the female, cut the male canes back to remove the flowered wood. Actinidia deliciosa 'Hayward' (Kiwi fruit 'Hayward' ) will reach a height of 10m and a spread of 5m after 5-10 years. Proper pruning of newly planted kiwi vines, along with ongoing annual pruning for both male and female plants, helps increase fruit production while improving the health and shape of the plant. This will depend on the structure you have built. Pruning kiwi, timing and method. Remove tangles and again restrict the vine to its allocated space. Maintenance Pruning Kiwifruit. They grow voraciously each year and can become a huge mass of woody vines if not pruned consistently. Cut the vines that form the lateral arms back to about 7 feet each winter. Kiwis are best grown as an espalier. A single mature hardy kiwi plant will can yield between 50 and 100 pounds of fruit, though 50 pounds is closer to the average. Shoot growth, year 2. Suggested uses. Pruning cuts in dormant season of year 2 also are shown by; Harvest and Postharvest Care. Will only bear fruit in a sheltered site or in a cool greenhouse. Wallside and trellises. Remove 3-year-old fruiting canes at the end of harvest to make way for new canes that will grow next season. There are three types of kiwifruit, Strik explained, the most common being the fuzzy kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) available at the grocery store, usually the cultivar called ‘Hayward.’ Joining the lineup are hardy kiwifruit ( A. arguta ); and kolomikta kiwifruit ( … First establish a training system against a wall or fence; our web profile about espaliers gives more details of a suitable framework.. 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